Difference between centrifugal and peripheral pumps

When you have to make an investment in industrial machinery, it is advisable to have all the factors under control and all your doubts answered beforehand.

In this way, you will be able to make an informed choice as to which product best suits your needs. Water pumps are no exception. Before buying one, you should know what types exist, what their characteristics, applications, benefits and disadvantages are.

In this article, we will establish the difference between centrifugal and peripheral pumps for when the time comes to decide on one type of pump or the other.

Advantages and applications of a centrifugal pump

Centrifugal pumps are easy to use, no advanced knowledge is required. Due to their structure, maintenance is also a basic task.We recommend that you take a look at this article to see everything you need to consider when performing preventive maintenance on your centrifugal pump:

How to perform preventive maintenance on a centrifugal pump?

Another of its advantages lies in its great durability. The service life of your pump will be long and in case it is necessary to change a part, you will not need the intervention of specialists.

You can do it yourself due to the simplicity of these pumps. Compared to peripheral pumps, they are much easier to handle. In addition, they have a better flow rate and move water faster.

Thanks to their characteristics, these types of pumps are very versatile and have great applicability in various fields. For example, in water desalination plants, they are used to separate minerals from salts during the process of obtaining drinking water.

In the mining industry, they are used to produce foam that helps in the separation and handling of certain minerals. In petrochemical plants, they are very useful in the extraction of hydrocarbons containing different solid components. They are also widely used in the distribution of drinking water, as they allow water to be sent through the distribution network at an adequate pressure to reach all the necessary points.

These are just a few of the enormous amount of applications that this type of pumps have. In our catalog you will find different models to choose from, always depending on the application to be addressed:

Advantages and applications of a peripheral pump

Peripheral pumps, while differing in design from centrifugal pumps, have unique characteristics that make them suitable for certain applications.

These pumps are characterized by having a smaller turbine size compared to centrifugal pumps, which impacts their ability to generate large volumes of water quickly.

However, they compensate for this limitation with a significantly higher pressure capacity. This high pressure makes them especially useful in applications where flow rate is not the main factor, but rather the ability to move liquid at considerable pressure.

In terms of use, peripheral pumps are relatively simple to operate. However, their maintenance and repair can be more complex than other types of pumps, which should be considered when choosing a pump for a specific application.

In addition, these pumps are noted for their energy efficiency, which makes them an economical choice in the long run, despite their initial cost.

catalogo de bombas centrifugas

One of the most notable advantages of peripheral pumps is their affordability. Their purchase price is generally lower compared to other types of pumps, making them an attractive option for limited budgets. This feature, along with their pressure capacity, makes them very popular in the domestic environment for tasks such as pumping clean water, free of abrasive particles or chemical liquids.

In addition, their ability to reach significant heights with water makes them ideal for applications such as irrigation of orchards and gardens. Water lifting efficiency is a crucial factor in these applications, where pressure and the ability to overcome gravity are more important than the total volume of water displaced.

Finally, it is relevant to mention that, although peripheral pumps are excellent for certain applications, it is essential to evaluate the specific needs of each situation to determine if this type of pump is the most suitable. The choice should be based on a balance between the flow rate, the required pressure, the type of liquid to be pumped and the specific operating conditions of the environment in which the pump will be used.

Difference between centrifugal and peripheral pumps

At first glance, centrifugal and peripheral pumps may appear similar, but upon closer inspection, we find significant differences in terms of durability, pressure, water flow and ease of use. These differences are crucial when selecting the right pump for your specific needs.

At INOXMIM, we understand the importance of choosing the right pump and therefore recommend that you carefully consider the following aspects:

  • Pump Purpose: If your primary need is for higher pressure, extended service life and relatively simple maintenance, the centrifugal pump is probably the most suitable choice. These pumps are known for their robustness and efficiency in situations requiring constant flow and high pressure. In contrast, peripheral pumps, while more affordable and suitable for water lifts at significant heads, can experience problems such as turbine scaling if not used for an extended period of time.

  • Water Head: This is a critical factor in choosing your pump. If you need to pump water at elevations above 14 meters, a peripheral pump is more suitable, as these pumps are designed to work efficiently in these conditions, despite their lower flow rate. Centrifugal pumps, although powerful, may not be as efficient in these high head situations.

  • Available Budget: Cost is an important factor in decision making. Peripheral pumps are typically more affordable, costing up to half the price of a centrifugal pump. This price difference makes peripheral pumps an attractive option for applications with limited budgets, as long as they meet your specific needs in terms of pressure and lift.

When considering these aspects, it is important to remember that the choice between a centrifugal and a peripheral pump depends not only on a single factor, but on a comprehensive evaluation of your specific needs, the operating environment and the balance between cost, efficiency and durability.

At INOXMIM, we are committed to assisting you in selecting the most suitable pump for your application, thus ensuring an optimal and efficient solution for your pumping needs.

Now that all these concepts have been clarified, if you need technical advice, or if you have any further questions about our industrial pumps, just contact our customer service department.

You can do so by filling in the following form, writing to us at [email protected], or calling us on 972 58 20 40. We will be delighted to help you!